Head of the Center – Doctor of Historical Sciences
Samuylov Sergey Mikhailovich
Tel .: +7 (495) 202-99-80
E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sergei Mikhaylovich Samuylov graduated from the missile department of the Moscow State Technical University in 1977; postgraduate study at the Institute of the USA and Canada of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1983, where he works until now.
In 1986 he defended his thesis on the subject of the Watergate crisis, in 2010 – a thesis for the degree of Doctor of Historical Sciences in the field of foreign policy of the United States.
The sphere of basic scientific interests includes: the US foreign policy mechanism, presidential power, the system of separation of powers at the federal level, political clashes between the president and Congress, as well as civilizational themes, Russia’s search for its new identity after the disappearance of the Soviet Union.
SM Samuylov is studying the role of the president and his staff, various foreign ministries, the Congress, “interested groups”, independent research organizations – “think tanks” – both Democratic and Republican parties and other structures in the process of forming and implementing foreign policy USA.
In recent years SM Samuylov has been conducting research on the following thematic areas: the evolution and reform of the US foreign policy system; features and stereotypes of American foreign policy consciousness; stages of US policy towards the CIS; differences of political cultures and political consciousness of the US and Russia, and civilizational differences between the US and Russia.
SM Samuilov is the author of monographs: ‘Watergate: preconditions, consequences, lessons’ (Moscow: Nauka, 1991); ‘Evolution of US policy towards the Commonwealth of Independent States’ (Moscow: ISCRAN, 2005); “US Foreign Policy Mechanism: Evolution, Reform, Problems” (Moscow: Prometey, 2009), “US Foreign Policy Mechanism: Foundations and Modern Reform” (Moscow: ISCRAN, 2013); scientific report (together with the employees of ISKRAN NL Semin and N. M. Travkina) “On the main priorities and new appointments in the system of ensuring national and economic security of the USA” (Moscow: ISKRAN, 2009).
SM Samuylov regularly participates in the TV program “Post Scriptum” of the TVC channel, makes comments on foreign and domestic policy issues of the USA on other TV channels, as well as on Internet versions of a number of leading Russian newspapers and information channels.
At the Faculty of World Politics of the SAUGH at the US and Canada Institute, SM Samuylov reads the author’s courses of lectures: ‘Commonwealth of Independent States’ and ‘The Modern Foreign Policy System of the USA’.
About the Center
The main actual task of the Center’s scientific specialization is the maximum possible assistance in improving the effectiveness of Russia’s policy towards the United States.
For this purpose, research is conducted and will be expanded on the process of formation and implementation of American foreign policy; the basic principles of American statehood and political culture and their qualitative differences from Russian ones; the dominant simplified, often ‘black and white’ stereotypes of the US foreign policy consciousness, primarily in relation to Russia, and their isolation from reality.
The US Foreign Policy Research Center – a relatively new scientific unit of the Institute of the USA and Canada of the Russian Academy of Sciences – was established in July 2008.
The Center is studying the mistakes and miscalculations that the Soviet Union committed during the period of relaxation of tensions in Soviet-American relations in the 1970s. (including an underestimation of the role of Congress and internal factors in the foreign policy process). This is necessary in order to avoid such mistakes in the future.
One of the specific activities of the Center is the study of the functioning of the US National Security Council (NSC) as the supreme departmental policy development forum in the foreign policy sphere and the sphere of ensuring state security.
Close attention was paid to the reform of the State Department, its reorganization and retargeting to the global promotion of democracy, which was started under the leadership of Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice in 2006 during the presidency of George W. Bush. This reform, together with attempts to move from traditional to active diplomacy to “change the world itself”, has received the name “transformational diplomacy” in the United States. The publications and materials of the Center showed how far American stereotypes are about the need to “promote democracy” from the realities of those states in which Washington is trying to realize such “advancement.”
With the arrival of Democrats in the US in early 2009, the emphasis was on diplomacy as the main and most effective way to implement foreign policy. Since mid-2010, after carrying out the corresponding research, a new reform of the diplomatic department started under the direction of Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. This reform is also being studied by the Center.
In addition, the Center began to study the reform of the US Department of Defense in connection with the introduction of peaceful postwar operations to stabilize and ‘build the state’ in countries such as Iraq, Afghanistan and the like.
In the future, the range of the Center’s research will be extended to other US foreign affairs agencies, including the Ministry of Commerce and the Ministry of Finance.
In connection with the acute crisis that arose in Ukraine in 2014, and the reaction of Russia and the West, such a centuries-old fundamental component of the foreign policy mentality of the United States and Europe as Russophobia became apparent. The Center expects to begin researching this phenomenon in the near future, its manifestations in the assessments of the Ukrainian crisis by US government departments and the Congress, as well as large discrepancies in these estimates of reality.
Publications and analytical materials of the Center draw attention of such foreign policy structures of the Russian Federation as the Administration of the President of the Russian Federation, the Security Council apparatus, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Defense, the foreign policy committees of the Federation Council and the State Duma.
The main scientific publications of the Center
Monographs and chapters in monographs
Samuylov SM The US Foreign Policy Mechanism: Foundations and Modern Reform. – Moscow: ISKRAN, 2013. – 316 p. (21 a.l.o.)
Samuylov S.М. US National Security Council: decision-making under George W. Bush. and Barack Obama // Foreign Policy of the Administration of Barack Obama (2009-2012) / Otv. Ed. V. A. Kremenyuk. – Moscow: ISKRAN, 2012. – P. 31-63. (Chapter 2, 2.1 al.)
Bratersky MV Financial levers of US foreign policy: interests and implementation mechanisms // Foreign policy of the Barack Obama administration (2009-2012) / Otv. Ed. V. A. Kremenyuk. – Moscow: ISKRAN, 2012. – P. 64 – 84. (Chapter 3, 2 al.)
Troitsky, M. A. Politics of the United States in Post-Soviet Eurasia in the Early 2010s. // Foreign Policy of the Barack Obama Administration (2009-2012) / Otv. Ed. V. A. Kremenyuk. – Moscow: ISKRAN, 2012. – P. 105-121. (Chapter 5, 1.3 al.)
Samuylov S. M., Olsufiev I. V. “Nuclear deal” between the USA and India // Foreign policy of the Barack Obama administration (2009-2012) / Otv. Ed. V. A. Kremenyuk. – Moscow: ISKRAN, 2012. – P. 245-269. (Chapter 13, 2.2 al.)
Samuylov SM The US foreign policy mechanism: evolution, reform, problems. – Moscow: Prometheus, 2009. – 323 p. (23.5 al.).
Panyuzheva M.M. Politics of the USA and France in relation to the states of the Middle East: a comparative analysis // The Middle East policy of the great powers and the Arab-Israeli conflict. In 2 tons / Under the general. Ed. acad. OA Kolobova. – Arzamas: ISI of the UNN; Publishing house AGPI them. AP Gaidar, 2008. – P. 547-572. (2 al.)
Samuylov SM Evolution of US policy towards the Commonwealth of Independent States. – Moscow: ISKRAN, 2005. – 106 p. (8.7 al.)
Abstracts of dissertations
Olsufyev IV Formation and development of US policy towards the nuclear potential of India (1998-2008) // Thesis abstract for the PhD degree in Political Science, specialty 23.00.04 – Political problems of international relations and global development. – Moscow: ISKRAN, 2011. – 23 p. (2.5 al.)
Samuylov SM Foreign Policy Mechanism of the United States: Evolution, Reforming, Problems (1947-2008) // Thesis Abstract for a Doctor of Historical Sciences degree in specialty 07.00.03 (General History). – Moscow: ISKRAN, 2010. – 48 pp. (3 al.)
Scientific and analytical reports
Samuylov SM, Semin NL, Travkina NM About the main priorities and new appointments in the US national and economic security system. – Moscow: ISKRAN, 2009. – 86 p. (9 al.)
Samuylov SM, Bratersky MV Congress and trade relations of the USA and Russia // USA and Canada: economics, politics, culture. – 2014. No. 5. – P. 3-22. (1.3 a.L.)
Troitsky MA Congress and US policy towards Ukraine // USA and Canada: economics, politics, culture. – 2014. No. 3. – P. 75-84. (1 al.al.)
Samuylov S. Foreign aid of the USA: for what and why? // Internet publication of the Russian Council on Foreign Relations. – 5/12/2013. (0.5 al.) – http://russiancouncil.ru/inner/?id_4=2797#top.
Alkhimenkov MA Religion and foreign policy ideals of the Republican Party // USA and Canada: Economics, Politics, Culture. – 2013. No. 11. – P. 38-54. (1.2 a.L.)
Panyuzheva M. M. French policy of N. Sarkozy (2007-2012) // Observer / Observer. – 2013. No. 11. – P. 118-127. (0.6 al.).
Samuylov SM Presidents, Congress and NASA: Controversies on Space Exploration // USA and Canada: Economics, Politics, Culture. – 2013. No. 10. – P. 19-34. (1.3 a.L.)
Samuylov SM Reforms in the Sphere of Diplomacy and Foreign Aid under Secretary of State Hillary Clinton // USA and Canada: Economics, Politics, Culture. – 2013. No. 8. – P. 35-52. (1.3 a.L.)
Bratersky M. V. US policy towards post-Soviet integration // USA and Canada: economics, politics, culture. – 2013. No. 6. – P. 3-16. (1 al.al.)
Panyuzheva M.M. France: The New President – a New Foreign Policy Course // Modern Europe. – 2013. No. 3. – P. 71-87. (1.3 al.).
Troitsky MA Congress and US policy towards Russia // USA and Canada: economics, politics, culture. – 2013. No. 2. – P. 57-70. (1 al.al.)
Samuylov S. About the styles of making foreign policy decisions by US presidents // USA and Canada: economics, politics, culture. – 2012. No. 12. – P. 3-22. (1.5 al.)
Alkhimenkov MA Protestantism and US foreign policy // USA and Canada: economics, politics, culture. – 2012. No. 10. – P. 19-36. (1.3 a.L.)
Samuylov SM, Alkhimenkov MA USA – Ukraine: new in the context of relations with the EU and Russia // USA and Canada: economics, politics, culture. – 2012. No. 7. – P. 25-44. (1.4 al.)
Panyuzheva MM Features of US-France relations at the present stage // USA iKanada: Economics, Politics, Culture. – 2012. No. 5. – P. 39-54. (1.3 al.).
Samuylov SM, Mirzayan GV Capitol and the process of the Russian-American ‘reset’ // USA and Canada: economics, politics, culture. – 2012. No. 4. – P. 3-19. (1.1 al.)
Samuylov S.M. Invasion