Category: COMMON

A round table was held under the auspices of the Council of Young Scientists of ISKRAN

On October 25, 2018, a round table entitled “The USA in 2018” was held in ISKRAN under the auspices of the Council of Young Scientists of ISKRAN. It was attended by young scientists and graduate students from the Institute of the USA and Canada, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Europe, RAS, Institute of IMEMO them. EAT. Primakov RAS, Moscow State University Lomonosov and RUDN.
At the Round Table, presentations on the most topical aspects of US domestic and foreign policy were heard and discussed.
Among the reports on the domestic policy of the United States of particular interest was the report made by the researcher of the Institute of IMEMO. EAT. Primakov RAN, K. polit. n Borisova A.R., devoted to the systemic crisis of the US political elite, as well as the performance of ISCRAN Yu.V. Baldenkova, a graduate student on changes in the US immigration policy of the D. Trump administration with an analysis of the consequences of its implementation.
Among the reports devoted to the foreign policy of the United States, the greatest interest was aroused by the report of the junior researcher of the Research Institute IMEMO. EAT. Primakov RAN Khorolskoy MV about the views of various political forces in Germany on the prospects of German-American relations. An assessment of US relations with European countries was also given in the report of the senior researcher at the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Candidate of Political Sciences. Godovanyuk KA, whose focus was on American-British relations.
The participants of the round table did not ignore the topic of US sanctions pressure on Russia, during which the junior researcher of ISKRAN KV Kozlov spoke. and Assistant of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations, RUDN, Candidate of Historical Sciences Butorov A.S.
Due to the fact that after each report, substantial discussions took place, raising new questions in the framework of the discussed issues, it was decided to continue them in the course of scientific events at the ISCRAN site on a regular basis.

70 years Academician of RAS Sergei Mikhailovich ROGOV

70 years
Academician of RAS Sergei Mikhailovich ROGOV

Dear Sergey Mikhaylovich!

The staff of the Institute of USA and Canada RAS congratulates you with a significant date – a glorious 70th anniversary!

 

We have long known and appreciate you as an outstanding scientist with a worldwide reputation, who has made a great personal contribution to the development of international studies and Russian American studies, the author of many books and articles, as an organizer of science and a talented teacher.
Your name is associated with such fundamental values ​​as high scientific professionalism, rare human qualities, pedagogical skills. The development of these values ​​has allowed you to go through a large and complex life journey from a MGIMO student to an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the scientific director of a major world-class research center.
Your entire creative biography is connected with our Institute: a postgraduate student, a junior and then a senior researcher in the foreign policy department, a sector head for the military-political research department, a leading research officer, the military-political research department head, and the deputy director of the Institute. Here you have prepared and defended your candidate and doctoral dissertations. For several years you have had the opportunity to be a representative of the Institute at the USSR Embassy in Washington.
In 1995, in a difficult time for science and the country, you headed ISCRAN, becoming its director. With a confident hand of a tested captain, you firmly held the helm of the ship and drove it in the right direction. You managed to rally around you a team of like-minded people, world-famous enthusiastic scientists, becoming the head of a unique scientific center, whose efforts over half a century study complex and contradictory processes of world politics, problems of international security, American studies and Canadian studies, publish hundreds of scientific works, prepare analytical materials for the highest state authorities of our country.
The range of your scientific interests is not limited to the sphere of military-political research and problems of international security – an area in which you have long been a recognized and undisputed leader. The breadth of the scientific outlook, the depth and thoroughness of scientific analysis, the prudence and reasonableness of the conclusions have become an integral part of your personality.
About 20 monographs and pamphlets, over 300 articles published in scientific and socio-political Russian and foreign periodicals belong to your pen. You are a member of many professional organizations: member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the Academy of Natural Sciences of the Russian Federation, member of the Economic Council under the Government of the Russian Federation, member of the Scientific Expert Council under the Chairman of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, member of the Scientific Council under the Security Council of the Russian Federation, member of the Scientific Council Council of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, member of the Council on Foreign Policy at the Foreign Affairs Committee of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, President of the Center for National Security and International Relations Member of the Council of the Russian Foreign Policy Association; Vice-President of the Russian Pugwash Committee at the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Member of the United Nations Association; Member of the Editorial Board of the Journal USA and Canada: Economics, Politics, Culture; Chairman of the ISCRAN Dissertation Council.
Your work on problems of Russian-American relations and international security, as well as many years of vigorous activity in numerous international organizations, interviews and speeches have earned you a great and well-deserved authority, which largely holds the reputation of our Institute.
Thanks to the efforts of the team led by you, studies have been prepared on the modern economy, politics of the USA and Canada, and on Russian-American and Russian-Canadian relations. Works published by ISCRAN on merit are estimated by the best domestic and foreign experts. Within the walls of the Institute, highly qualified scientific personnel were trained, whose names have been well known for a long time, many of them became the creators of their own scientific schools, confirming their high authority with all their activities.
The author of numerous studies, now the scientific director of the world-renowned research and analytical center, who devotes a lot of effort to various scientific councils and hard work to provide material support to the Institute, you find the time and energy to transfer your knowledge and experience to the new generation of international affairs specialists, generously share them with by youth. The Faculty of World Politics GAUGN, created and headed by you, serves as a vivid example of how fruitful is the combination of a high level of specialist training with serious scientific research. This made it possible to introduce dozens of school graduates from different cities of Russia to the study of world politics and international security, American studies and Canadian studies, and it deserved general recognition among the country’s long-established universities.
We all see and appreciate your tremendous efforts, which allow ISKRAN not only to exist, but also to be at the forefront of advanced scientific political thought in our complex, so rapidly and radically changing world. We all thank you from the bottom of our hearts for this!
On this solemn day, we sincerely wish you, dear Sergey Mikhailovich, good health, vigor, fruitful scientific work, new books and articles, good and smart students! And, of course, always remain the same responsive, fair and kind person as we know you!

Your colleagues

September 26-27, 2018, the VIII Annual Scientific Conference “Arbatov Readings”

September 26-27, 2018, the VIII Annual Scientific Conference “Arbatov Readings” was held

 

 

September 26-27, 2018, the VIII Annual Scientific Conference “Arbatov Readings” was held. This year it was called the “New Cold War: Lessons Learned”. The conference was held in plenary and breakout sessions, during which the speakers presented their views and gave an in-depth analysis of the causes and characteristics of the confrontational model in Russian-American relations by 2018, as well as US relations with other regions and regional powers of the world. They also expressed views on possible options for the development of the situation in the economic, foreign policy and military-political spheres.

Academician Vitaly V. ZHURKIN, Honorary Director of the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences ARBATOV Alexey Georgievich, Head of the International Security Center EAT. Primakov RAS, George Borisovich, Director of the North American Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Academician of the RAS DINKIN Alexander Alexandrovich, President of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations named after EAT. Primakov RAS, Corresponding Member. RAS GROMYKO Alexey Anatolyevich, Director of the Institute of Europe, RAS, Corr. RAS VOYTOLOVSKY Fedor Genrikhovich, Director EAT. Primakov RAS, Academician RAS IVANOVA Natalia Ivanovna, First Deputy Director IMEMO them. EAT. Primakova of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Liliya Ernstovna ILIKOVA, Deputy Director for Research at the Institute of International Relations, History and Oriental Studies, Kazan Federal University (Kazan), Vladimir KHOLODNOV, Head of the Russian Society for Canadian Studies (Kazan).

The conference ended with a plenary session, which was held by Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Sergei Sergeyevich Rogov, scientific supervisor of ISCRAN, as well as summarizing the work of the sections presented by the section leaders – Ph.D. Viktor SUPYAN, Head of Research, Chief Researcher and Doctor of History Sergey Samuilov, Chief Researcher. The general results of the conference were summed up by the Director of ISCRAN GARBUZOV Valery Nikolaevich.

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On September 21, 2018, the Seminar of Young Scientists of ISCRAN was held under the guidance of the Scientific Director of the Institute of Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences S.M. Rogov

On September 21, 2018, the Seminar of Young Scientists of ISCRAN was held under the guidance of the Scientific Director of the Institute of Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences S.M. Rogov. The participants of the seminar made twelve reports and presentations in the direction of their research. In the discussion part of the seminar, the presented issues were discussed, the supervisor of ISCRAN expressed his comments and ideas. Regular holding of such seminars is a pledge of continuity of the school of American Studies at the Institute of the USA and Canada of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

September 3, 2018. A collective monograph “The US Economy in the XXI Century: Challenges and Development Trends” was published under the editorship of Dr. Sc. V.B. Supyan.

September 3, 2018. A collective monograph “The US Economy in the XXI Century: Challenges and Development Trends” was published under the editorship of Dr. Sc. V.B. Supyan.

The US economy in the XXI century: challenges and trends \ [Aksenov PA and etc.]; rep. ed. V.B. Supyan; Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science Institute of the USA and Canada RAS. – M .: All the World Publishing House, 2018. – 424 p.
© Institute for American and Canadian Studies, 2018
© The Whole World Publishing House, 2018
ISBN 978-5-7777-0734-5
A collective monograph prepared by the staff of the Institute of the United States and Canada of the Russian Academy of Sciences is devoted to the latest trends and contradictions in the development of the world’s largest economy – the US economy. Particular attention is paid to the state and prospects of the American economy after the devastating financial crisis of 2008–2009. The monograph, consisting of seven sections, discusses the features of the post-crisis economic development after the presidential elections of 2016. The state and trends of the financial market and budget, the state and prospects of social development, the role and place in the economic development of scientific and technical potential, the US position on global financial markets. Special attention is paid to the work of the state of the agricultural sector of the country, as well as the state and prospects of the energy sector and the US energy strategy.
UDC 330.101.541 (73)
BBK 65.617 (7Coe)
Authors:
Aksenov P.A., Ph.D. (ch. 14); Vasiliev V.S., Doctor of Economics (Ch. 4, 5); Ermakov SA, (ch. 15, et al.); Zhiganova L.P., Ph.D. (Ch. 15, et al.); Korneev A.V., Ph.D. (Ch. 18, 19); Korotkikh AA, Ph.D. (Ch. 16, et al.); Lanshina T.A., Ph.D. (Ch. 11, et al., Ch.20); Lebedeva L.F., Doctor of Economics (Ch. 6, 7, 8); Ovchinnikov OG, Doctor of Economics (Ch. 15, et al., 17); Petrovskaya N.E. Ph.D. (Ch. 8); Tailor MA Dan. (Ch. 3, 12, 13); Ray A.I. Ph.D. (Ch. 11, et al.); Sudakova N.A. Ph.D. (Ch. 9, 10); Supyan V., B. Dan. (Preface Ch. 1, 2); Terentyeva A.S., Ph.D. (ch. 16, et al.)

CONTENT

Foreword
Section I.
POSTCRISIS DEVELOPMENT OF ECONOMY

Chapter 1. The US economy: trends and challenges of the current decade
1.1. Economic recovery: results, factors and prospects
1.2. Long-term financial challenges
1.3. Other long-term issues

Chapter 2. USA: Prospects for Economic Development after the 2016 Presidential Election
2.1. The state of the economy: trends and factors of development
2.2. Outlines of the New Economic Policy: Plans and Opportunities

SECTION II.
TRENDS OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE FINANCIAL MARKET AND BUDGET

Chapter 3. Characteristic features of the US financial market at the beginning of the XXI century.
3.1. The structure of the US financial system
3.2. Banks in the US financial market
3.3. Pension Funds
3.4. Collective investment funds
3.5. Derivatives in the US financial market

Chapter 4. Fiscal policy and its impact on the economic development of the United States
4.1. Multiplicative effects of US fiscal policy
4.1. Structural features of anti-crisis stimulation of the American economy in 2009-2015
4.2. The financial crisis of 2007-2009. and a fundamental change in the US economic growth mechanism

Chapter 5. The fiscal policy of the B. Obama administration in the year of the presidential election in 2016
5.1. The state of the economy as a key factor in determining the outcome of the US presidential election
5.2. Obama Administration’s Fiscal Policy Strategic Goal: To Win “Upward Trend”
5.3. Theoretical justification for the active use of fiscal policy for political purposes
5.4. The ongoing development of the US economy in 2016 and predictions of the outcome of the presidential election
6.5. The stimulating role of the monetary policy of the Fed in the 2016 presidential campaign

Section III.
The state and prospects of development of the social sphere

Chapter 6. US Social Benchmarks: New Approaches
6.1. Changing priorities
6.2. Human development in the light of budget constraints

Chapter 7. Challenges of the beginning of the XXI century in the social and labor sphere

Chapter 8. Employment Trends of Immigrants in the USA

SECTION IV.
CONDITION AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL CAPACITY
Chapter 9. The role of universities in economic development and the preservation of innovative leadership in the United States
9.1. University performance that can contribute to economic growth and innovative development
9.2. University participation in technology development and transfer
9.3. Contribution of university-licensed inventions to the development of the US economy
9.4. Modern benchmarks for innovative and entrepreneurial universities

Chapter 10. The role and place of state-funded research centers in the US scientific complex
13.1. FFNIC – quasi-governmental organizations
13.2. The emergence and evolution of FFNIC
13.3. Mission, principles of creation and functioning of FFNIC
13.4. Types FFNIC and their distribution
13.5. Criticism FFNITS

Chapter 11. The Role of the US Contracting System in Generating Innovations
11.1. Bureaucracy, innovation and inefficiency
11.2. The history of the evolution of the innovative role of the contract system
11.3. Ethical problems of government orders for R & D
11.4. Special